The adult male (or "tom") normally weighs from 5 to 11 kg (11 to 24 lb) and measures 100–125 cm (39–49 in) in length. The adult female (or "hen") is typically much smaller at 2.5–5.4 kg (5.5–11.9 lb) and is 76 to 95 cm (30 to 37 in) long.
Generally, turkeys thrive in and near mature forests that produce abundant amounts of mast, the fruits and nuts of woody plants. Although turkeys spend most of their time on the ground during the day, they sleep in trees at night.
• For the first two weeks baby turkeys are unable to fly. The mother roosts on the ground with them during this time. • Turkeys are more than just big chickens–more than 45 million years of evolution separates the two species. • Turkeys can run at speeds of up to 25 miles per hour and fly as fast as 55 miles per hour.